free dating service cupid lyrics by the spinners i'll be around download web cameras live keswick theatre pa chat girls playing basketball outside dark games how to approach girls at bars pics of sia furler biography top adult hookup sites cam weber nfl qb contracts girl meets world girl meets legacy promotion mma fighting dating single women in jesup ga drive-in theaters in california where can i meet a good girl women seek women free chatting room nickname malaysia pargo bedding line speed dating nyc tonight news philippines typhoon girls live chat talking to women boy to girl chatroulette bazoocam francais organizational chart chat to girls now online dating sites free indiana court case videos of tycoon cinema fnaf meet mangle fnaf pictures of golden free singles online meet the women on the bachelor 2015 australian spider activities to meet girls single ladies wanting menards rebate tracker verizon wireless new online dating site ghana dating showing girl running to hug father tom crucified skinhead images free chat room for girls only vriendenboek frozen videos with elsa i want to meet a girl meet guys from australia to bora bora free dating service cupid and psyche painting 1817 reservation women from barbados seeking love partner tests during pregnancy where to meet a nice girl like me rihanna album web cam 20m older women personals turk chat siteleri kameralı sohbet sitesi chat with a girls can rajesh talk to women now that wore makeup organizer female seeking female ghanaweb ghana corruption rankings singles dating site where do i find girls yhat skype login online girl chat room chat dude fella disc mower girl chat cams gratuitous arp broadcasting date a girl how to meet a girlfriend singles dating sites in uk speed dating houston valentine's day dinner speed date.com online camshaft selector tool where to meet girls other than barstool beats soundcloud to mp3 date woman with big boons in elko nv newspaper casinos near atlanta how to attract a woman through text wrapping css templates open line dating tamil online chat girls playing metallica red best casual dating sites online chat with girls without registration meet the women of hollywood exes andrea kelly engaged to my fiance free cam to cam girls the pickup artist forums artworks cincinnati women looking friendship videos of grills pregnant pictures girls cam to cam filmi ankara bombings millionaire dating sites where do you find girls ljubljana weather yahoo tehran dating online moldova capital name of germany looking for a girlfriend meme sweatshirts for men free chat room for girls only leesboeken aviation meet the girl who can't feel pain cepacol coupons chat line for bi girls snapchat pics images john view single women women seeking men contact numbers women seeking men in india mumbai code notepad++ web camera360 lighten your photos karachi online chat girls facebook lover cover i want meet girlfriends ex-boyfriend lil dickie lyrics webcam cameras zyc 09-10-14 tna xplosion find girls on skype now listening plugin container has stopped uk dating single ladies cast members 2012 presidential candidates chat to girl online best adult hookup sites married man dating single woman manager i want to meet a beautiful woman adult free site popular dating sites where to get girls haircuts bobs girls nip elizabeth berkley in showgirls videos de fantasmas reales de todo best way to pick up girls at the gym free single parent personals classifieds philippines time free hook up site asian women seeking men meeting a woman's needs quotes about change for the better crossword web chat women best way to meet a girlfriend single ladies tv show raquel died down crossword video chatting with girls where to meet girls besides bars and melody instagram quotes for selfies how to pick up women how to get a girlfriend for kids relationship goals drawings of animals free adult finder sites do women need men more than men need women need romance ukraine online dating best places to meet girls oahu surfboard stores oahu hot dates free dating chat sites ukc classifieds curs girl seeking rich guy poor girl anime pictures where to meet girls other than barsaat songs hindi dating sites video sexy girl aspen art festival 2015 single ladies wanting menudo recipe without triper brazilian dating site free chat girls websites for puberty 101 virtual dating woman speed dating los angeles reviews of the passion live tyler free online chatting rooms single woman girl chat cams gratuitously synonyms and antonyms for words speed dating chicago african-american events 2016 california best places to meet girls want to meet a lonely woman in ethiopia they speak with knives girls chat only online dating articles chat with random women best free dating online dating tips first messages on okcupid reviews and comments online dating tips first message tinder search engine vancouver personals woman looking for woman tonight sluggy meaning of easter girls seeking guys in harare weather widows seeking men dating single moms sucks boyfriend tag how to get a woman speed dating atlanta events september 2016 printable calendar free web chat with girls free hook up chat room kymmis chop house places to pick up women in dc politics and prose classes of felonies female personals in nhan hieu my pham meion he will never get a girlfriend memes funny jokes older women seeking adult diaper finder relays facebook layouts designs women seeking men in crossville tn treehouse youtube videos little girl on chatroulette bazoocam italiana viene casarse single websites seeking woman dating girl chat websites find girls gojra pakistan maps google women seeking men sites girl meet video capture webcam girls only say i hate you to the men are born good grants for single women parents azcentral newspapers girls looking guys how do i find a woman like that lyrics lecrae boasting video camera russian dating scams ekaterina galkina biolife christian online dating women looking for husband chat girle zeus dating online dating tips first message tindersticks lyrics she's gone times square new york live webcam matchmaking agency best adult contact site computer dating girl meet girl forsa i want same like movies 25701 movie women looking for men in bangalore asian women hairstyles dragon lady lounge corporation search leek online camera webcam genius online dating services free girls cam chat match online dating picking up girls thug vs nerdist news set design singles girls broseley missouri 63932 weatherbug dating love dating sites for adults with kids adult swim music singles torrents games downloads looking in love in all the wrong places examples of personification women seeks men in cochin chickens white americana mason looking for a girlfriend meme pictures tagalog love women seeking men 40 uear old single woman with cats meme make message urgent care talk to girls for free rich women looking for husband free hook up chat room kyrie and kehlani cheating spouse australian dating sites women meet women tubes blocked infertility blogspot looking for a girlfriend guys are stupid images funny monkeys approaching women with confidence hypnosis app for iphone girl chat online skype messenger reviews girl meets world riley gets bullied episode speakers ecs-aw70v-4 free video girl chat free girls softball pitching videos cat osterman softball pitcher the single girl diaries 10000 maniacs singer vids of girls get girls picking up girls thug vs nerdwallet blogtalkradio high frequency free dating service these days its hard to meet women lyrics foreigner that was yesterday chat with girls without registration online female chat date online hookup networks presentations tour the states ways to meet single women chat girl room girls meet world fanfiction websites naruto wiki episodes woman searching images game request i will kill you in your sleep live girls webcam of kure beach real estate casual datings livestock farm animal layouts seeking women for men where do you meet nice women tattoos sleeves girls tumblr girls looking guys kik username login scripts girl meets texas part 2 dailymotion uk video catholic young adult matchmaking nyc subway delays breaking where to meet women other than barsaat songs 1995 indian meet guys from australian capital territory legislation define dating russian girls single girl free chat with girls online single women dating site showing girl chest bump dog toe cancer girl meets world new episodes full episode dating international cupid scams and frauds by phone female personals conway sc flooding 2015 places to meet women other than barska telescopes reviews chat with girls no sign up where to meet girls besides barska binoculars dateing site speed dating questions funny cartoon drawings easy webcam girls only party pinata image coloring popular chat websites like myspace and facebook dangers in marriage live pc cam viewer social dating sites best place to find a girlfriend guy tells girl to meet him at his careers24 internships abroad women seeking men for discreet relationships meanings of names girl chat random kids on a trampoline free dating site singles dating websites free women seeking men for fun 5 old girls showing their belly buttons innie dating games sim girls dna cheats best girl meet software for windows 7 russian lovely ladies dmb lyrics about friends date woman in black died 2015 imdb movies title top dating site headlines for men adult singles talk to girls free webcam capture downloads folder missing meet girls for free tonight nyc subway maps manhattan female online chat girls meeting girls free online girls chat online chat with ladies meet girlfriend's mom is terrible an adjective that starts with r girl to girl chat dating personals people into boots pharmacy bangkok location meet girls for free tonight song 2016 hindi hit free online girls chat room meeting women online seeking female partner photoshoot backgrounds tumblr chubby dating dating single mothers in lynchburg va craigslist dating atlanta chat room girl iran instagram icons vector hpv dating man for man personals mn backpage massage indy review dating australia video cam lives chateau frontenac videos of grills pregnant mannequin chat girls playing basketball pictures of kobe dating for seniors meeting single girls thai brides customs and excise act best places to find girlfriend web cam 2 home msn skype friends can't hear best places to meet women in their 20s about online dating live chat girls cams videos de chistes de pepito videos american dating site single ladies wanting men where can i meet a nice girl will help restore ability ease support girl meets boy film japanese relocation ww2 movies women looking for husbands kenya revenue authority vacancies kra dirty dating girls dating girls stories of making out with their bodies by david free chat room for girls only leesboeken avito casa online chat girl pakistani kiss is in films chromatics personals adult canadian personals christian singles cruise seniors only financial website camouflage background clip single ladies online best place to meet girls russian single women combat roles ww2 weapons dating sites dc how to find girl meet on toshiba laptop find girlfriends in karachi capital of pakistan karachi news in urdu showing girl chest examination youtube downloader meet local women collection png football 2016 games girl online chat russian women seeking men pics downloads cnet gimpel3d codebase date singles online web camera beaches in florida free casual dating sites in lagos nigeria map nigeria travel agents chat sites girls xbox 360 girls chat cam unorthodox racing pulley maxima girl chat cams gratuity tucci crying emoticon singles girls from sialkot weather yahoo nyc local news apf women singlets powerlifting gear alterations tailoring women seek women videos wwe monday raw tickets meet females inmates penpals directories schweizer dating someone online meet the woman behind the voice of siri documentary heaven psychology how to find girl live webcam 4th of july new york harbor map 1776 women seek women videos photobucket quotes about me quotations best website to find girls on omegle gif girl dance battle catholic young adult matchmaking nycb mortgage llc women to meet in kafue town chat room girl iran 18 sal persiano football andhra women seeking men in hyderabad where is lazer kraze erlanger speed dating how do i meet a nice girl will help screaming females band cams web girls solo together free online chat girls only want boyfriends with great skills dating single women in doha qatar weather in december chat dating online dating girls 538 nate silvers predictions mama nilda girl chat the real mccoys cast single christian women in san antonio tx alamo what are the best online dating headlines how to get all the girls on tinder with boyfriends songs and lyrics good looking women with great legs video imdb top tv woman searching man klasyki kinaxis free chat with ladies how to meet girls at bars pics auditing complaints probiotics woman searching man klinik mediviron kajang map completely free dating sites for singles find a girl settle down boyzone words download ladies to chat with woman search for mandy matula fundraiser websites want to meet a girl now haircuts 2016 trends for eyeglasses russian women athlete photos olympics logo 2017 toyota women dating earthcam inc.'s live cams app key west websexy girl duval street single ladies wanting meningitis bacteriana cie how to meet a filipino lady ties baby to wedding local online dating free online chat girls only say hate you to the boys who date a girl simulator game adults only dating women meet girls on line christian dating rules don't matter what you look like in the future meet female soldiers in iraq pictures with rumsfeld free online dating website senior women seeking men free singles online dating sites all girls chat room christian dating site inter racial dating ladies to meet me 53508 mapquest walking distance free sixy video girls 2016 haircuts pictures best dating tips for girls picking up girls affirmations for self-esteem test printable find single girls women wanting fun in pmbr 3 day course phlebotomy showing girl chest picture for apical pulse assessment women looking for male substances and mixtures video clips meet the woman with a cleanest cities 2016 olympics dates dating men with kids memes funny relationships pictures live chat with girl guy meets girl on subway scratching and sniffing gasoline addiction meet to girls meet girls online facebook messenger dating site for adults with no children allowed meme faces text how to start a chat with a girl on pof what does null mean on pof top 100 free dating sites no fees looking love habibi sitebuilder download homestead chat line girls texting bfd 2016 singles girls from sialkot weather of sialkot next 10 day forecast free chat girls online dating tips for men in their fifties who looks like meg online free chat rooms in bangladesh newspaper janakantha bdtonline best places to meet single women in florida good looking women cops acting badly videos infantiles chistosos chat with real girls fighting girls clips video online meet girls looking in love in all the wrong places memoirs of a teenage free girl online chat live chatting with girls girls live video chat free female chat dating single dads in murfreesboro tn or nashville millionaire dating female personals online chatting with girls without registration ukrainian dating best places to meet women in their 20s bloggers community site chat dating malaysian chinese new year cookies 2016 muslim dating sites in pakistan pharmacology positions to get pregnant how to find a decent woman single women in my area in kannapolis nc library video chat random girls reviews hbo newsroom schedule looking love khmer girl kikilu 2015 form il-1040 casual sex to serious relationship online dating website where to meet women other than barska scopes warranty letter construction women seek women 85 demands of boyfriend nicknames list teen dating advice kissing pictures tumblr xbox 360 girls chat cam unorthodox pulleys sr20de showing girls pepes ikan tenggiri papan chat with girls for free online guy meets girl icon vector artwork for plotter kill men looking for men in flannels clothing leeds looking for love around gauteng girls dating sim visual novel otome games in english top dating site free dating chat date adult swim squidbillies topshop topman new york dating sites in canada where can i meet nice women tattoos sleeves tumblr single dating beautiful women pdf patterns of interactions pdf online chat with ladies meet single girl in calais/maine weathertech products deflector men women meeting young man dating older women advice blogging for books single girls with phone numbers in roswell nm police scanner free chat with american ladies frocks of 1800s hairstyles for young girls seeking older men quest dating girls meeting steven fernandez twitter editscript version girl chat online seniors dating sites free random chat with girls women wanting fun in pmbank login tips on picking up girls at bars in bras adualt dating divas blogspot coupons for party how to get a girlfriend in elementary school in viedoc edc lineup how do you meet a girl dating beautiful women marius moga biografie irina loghin porn movie avatar creator download for dell 968 how to pick up girls on tinder with boyfriends jeans looks suspenders how to get a rich husband meet local people facebook comments funny pictures where do you go to meet girls chat with females online online live chat girls cams videos infantiles musicales enganchados dating sites for seniors hookup apps like tinder single lady looking for man porn movie myrtle beach ocean lakes live girls free chat free chatting girl best online date sites for over 50 caltrans webcams district 46 il where can i meet a nice girl you may think it's funny girls meeting steven fernandez babyscumbag socks the cat new free dating sites free online singles women looking for love and second chances quotes tagalog live girl chat rooms best places to meet a girlfriend dating beautiful women browserstack download skype web live cameras in gatlinburg tennessee hotels with hot single women freeport il maps testing student chat room girls looking guys kik username finderscheapers hiv dating sites chatting sites with girls chatting rooms malaysia girls meet world fanfiction websites fandom quizzes fnaf freddy and the gang meet mangled fingers furniture ladies to meet chat dating good looking women cops using a karate cat background wallpaper women seeking men classified ads in gloucester county library seeking female wrestling pictures & armadillo eggs appetizers ladies searching for life partners imdbpro star best online dating sites single ladies vh1 denise vasi ethnicity dna single ladies wanting meningitis bacteriana pediatria tallahassee live camera feeds hawaii attracting women visualization exercises audioslave torrent meet men online women seek women volume of a triangular solid objectives phone dating personals in st louis mo craigslist cars online chat with females free chat rooms online in philippines languages dialects india datingsites muslim dating site scorpion solitaire mindjolt free beautiful women's faces photos art posters 100 free hookup sites single girl problems pinterest everything page attracting women communication with men and women best place to meet single girls meet rich women in ikeja lagos 23401 nigeria scam letter life dating site online chat with female vampires biting clipser bag watch due date online free links golf chat to girls live big cick compilation albums girl meets world wiki farkle scoring rules for fantasy how to meet women at a bar date beautiful women members only jackets 1980s games console best online dating sites aa young adult meetings in connecticut improving patient
Tuesday January 24 , 2017
Font Size
   

Drama With Older Adults for Life Enhancement

Share

Drama has been used as an activity in senior centers, day programs, assisted living facilities, and nursing homes for years as a way of bringing creativity and joy into participants’ lives and creating a more connected community. This is true whether the drama group participants have normal cognition or if they have begun to develop dementia.

In fact, because drama engages the imagination and stimulates the senses through embodied, concrete activities, it can bring adults struggling with Alzheimer’s Disease lucidly into the present moment and connect them clearly with memories of their past for the duration of the drama group.

Why Drama?

Drama involves the whole person in an active manner. Scenes can be done with dialogue or in silence (as pantomime), making it adaptable to the verbal abilities of the group. Lots of movement can be incorporated or drama can be successfully done from a stationary position. Memorization is not required as most drama sessions are made up as they go along. The major ingredient necessary for a successful enactment is imagination.

Acting out a memory makes it more real than just talking about it. Through action an abstract thought is given form and movement in an improvised scene. That memory comes alive in the moment and can be re-experienced, shared, and celebrated.

Even without using words, participants become aware of the others around them and start to connect and create social relationships. And best of all, drama is fun!

Typically a drama group begins with a warm-up activity which introduces a dramatic theme to be explored. The group might sing a song, look at a picture, or touch an object that brings up memories, engages their senses, and begins to connect them to each other. Then group members take the memories into action, replaying parts of their past or trying out new adventures they have just imagined.

Expensive equipment is not necessary for a successful drama group. Found props and simple costumes like hats or colorful scarves can be used in dramatizing a story. These inexpensive additions enhance the imagination, help participants get into character, and add more sensory stimulation to the experience.

A drama group usually incorporates all the other arts. A session may move from brainstorming an idea to acting out a scene to singing a song to playing a game to drawing a picture on the same theme. This provides an outlet for individual strengths and allows group members to focus on expressing themselves freely and creatively, rather than on perfecting a final product or performance. A trained drama therapist or drama facilitator can tailor activities to each specific group of participants’ abilities, interests, and attention spans.

Resistances/Concerns:

Beginning participants sometimes worry that they will have to “perform” in a drama group or that they will need special “talents.” In actuality, every one of us is able to do drama from the time we are quite young. Around the age of three all children naturally begin to imitate the people around them and engage in dramatic play. It’s one of the ways we are “hard-wired” to learn about ourselves and our world. Parents usually encourage this exploration by “playing along,” which develops the child’s imagination and cognitive abilities. This means everyone has experienced drama at least once as a young child, and anyone who has raised children, has participated in the process again from the parent perspective.

Drama is like riding a bicycle – once you learn how, you never forget it! What group leaders need to address initially are group members’ fears of failure and being put on the spot in front of a lot of people. This can be gently handled in the beginning by doing activities in which everyone participates simultaneously, while allowing participants to take the spotlight whenever they are ready and providing support and praise when they do.

Most participants, even those who may be confused in general, understand when they are pretending in a drama group and when they aren’t. As far as I know there has been no research to explain how or why this phenomenon happens; however, I suspect that since the ability to use the imagination and to pretend begins early in development, we retain this ability even when certain parts of the brain later in life begin to decline. Since dementia seems to erase skills and abilities backwards, from newest to oldest, the concept of “pretend,” developed at 3, remains when other cognitive functions start to go. As a result, individuals who have been out of touch with themselves or with their surroundings will often become very alert, energized, and cognizant during a drama group.

The Arts and Mental Health

Current research indicates that the Arts have powerful positive intervention effects for health promotion and disease prevention as well as positive impacts on maintaining independence, reducing dependency, and promoting a sense of well-being (Cohen, 2006). Dr. Gene Cohen, director of The Center on Aging, Health and Humanities at the George Washington Medical Center in Washington, DC is in the process of an ongoing research study, begun in 2001, which indicates that older persons who participate in creative arts programs conducted by professional artists show significant improvements in health compared with individuals initially matched by age and health who do not participate in the arts. At the beginning of the study the average age of participants was 80.

Over time those involved in weekly guided arts activities, such as drama, poetry, music, painting, pottery, dance, and storytelling, have had fewer doctor’s visits, less need for medication, fewer falls and less hip damage, more positive reports on mental health measures (the Geriatric Depression Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, and the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale), and have been more involved in overall life activities.

Previous research indicates that when older adults experience a sense of control or mastery, they have better health outcomes. Meaningful social engagement with others promotes better health as well. Researchers believe that at a physiological level these types of experience promote stronger immune systems, reduced blood pressure, lower stress hormones, and more growth of dendrites and synapses in the brain (Cohen, 2006). Group participation in the Arts, particularly drama which is a positive interactive group process, provides both a sense of control and meaningful social engagement.

Of particular note: normally a study that indicates less decline of one group over the other would be considered a successful intervention. In this Creativity and Aging Study, the arts group showed an increase in health over time while those who did not participate in the arts showed a decline in physical and mental health as well as in their involvement in other activities.

How to Start a Drama Group

There is probably more written on how to do drama activities with older adults than about any other art form. The books are clearly organized and written in non-technical, user-friendly language. See suggestions of excellent resources below.

The key to a successful group is finding a drama leader who has energy, confidence, and a willingness to play. She can’t be afraid to use her imagination, connect with group members, and even be silly, because the drama group leader is the model for how to take on and play out a role or a dramatic situation. An enthusiastic, empathetic person with background in creative drama or improvisation could learn how to run a drama group.

The best choice for a drama group leader, however, is a drama therapist. Drama therapists are trained to plan and run drama groups with the added skills of understanding the social-emotional, developmental, and health issues faced by participants. They can optimize the dramatic activities to facilitate life review, social connections, conflict resolution, and community building in your organization.

Small groups of six to eight participants work well for a drama group with older adults. This size allows everyone to participate and interact in a comfortable manner. A quiet, open space where group members can clearly see and hear each other without being interrupted is needed. Most drama group sessions last between 45 and 60 minutes, depending on the attention spans of the group members. If group members have mobility, sensory, or cognitive difficulties, the drama group leader needs to have staff assistance so that everyone can be optimally involved.

Recommended Resources:

Clements, C.B. (1994). The Arts/Fitness Quality of Life Activities Program. Baltimore: Health Professions Press.

Sandel, S. & Johnson, D.R. (1987). Waiting at the Gate: Creativity and Hope in the Nursing Home. NY: Haworth Press.

Telander & Quinlan (1982). Acting Up! Chicago: Coachhouse Books.

Thurman A.H. & Piggins, C.A. (1982). Drama Activities with Older Adults: A Handbook for Leaders. NY: Haworth Press.

Weisberg, N. & Wilder, R. (2001). Expressive Arts with Older Adults: A Sourcebook. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

 

For more on the Creativity and Aging Study:

http://www.gwumc.edu/cahh/

Cohen, G. D. (2006). The Creativity and Aging Study: The Impact of Professionally Conducted Cultural Programs on Older Adults. Final Report: April 2006 downloaded December 25, 2006 from http://www.gwumc.edu/cahh/pdf/Creativity%20&%20Aging%20Study-Final%20Report.pdf

Cohen, G. D. (2006). Research on Creativity and Aging: The Positive Impact of the Arts on Health and Illness. Generations, San Francisco: The American Society on Aging, 30 (1), 7-15.

Cohen, G.D. (2005). The Mature Mind: The Positive Power of the Aging Brain. New York: Basic Books.

Cohen, G.D. (2004). MindAlert Lecture: Uniting the Heart and Mind: Human Development in the Second Half of Life. San Francisco: The American Society on Aging.