best price for real eulexin online buy alli diet pills bentyl capsules 10 mg best drugstore mineral foundation for acne crestor medication where to buy bactrim ds reviews for acne buy zantac without prescription lasix in the unsa eurax mg buy trusted medstore online best dutas prices western drug unisom buy methylprednisolone 4mg dosepak buy rumalaya forte tablets online abana prescription sind cialis tabletten teilbar generic maxalt side effects where can i buy plavix donde comprar pulsera amarilla livestrong how long to take fosamax osteoporosis tegretol tablet sale buy abana cheap flagyl suspension precio over the counter equivalent to augmentin buy pariet perth australia doxycycline 50 mg rosacea fertility drugs for women clomid zoloft and pregnancy symptoms real brand name viagra lithium carbonate prices 2010 what is pravachol pills used for mentat technologies alchemist clomid 50mg tablets 50mg tablets canadian inderal tablet saw palmetto pills at walmart buy haridra online overnight buy eldepryl astrailia buy metformin online india lipitor reviews legal buy ayurslim online canada viagra pill costume diclofenac sodium alcohol use mebendazole pharmacy xenical vente libre france pravastatin vs simvastatin dose bactrim ds dosage forms generic lipitor side effects getting medications from mexico buy bentyl 50 can you buy valtrex drug trusted genuine alligator handbag is there a generic for proscar lamisil over the couter forzest no prescription canada side effects of aleve d sinus and cold buy phenergan online india buy chloramphenicol visa lincocin price india buy genuine fucidin uk buy cardizem 40 music used in cialis commercial what is lithium used for for kids buy luvox fast shipping ventolin price walmart gsk augmentin 625mg tablets pictures of topamax pills paxil from celexa where can i get lotensin where to buy liverpool tickets best antibiotic for uti in pregnancy purchase fucidin cream canada is generic maxalt effective where can i buy metformin in the uk renagel shipping overseas sinemet discounts codes fml forte usa sale what drug category is betapace zyban order prevacid overnight sarafem online in usa better than skelaxin is there a generic viagra in canada safe sites for canadian viagra evista sales 2008 citalopram 10 mg withdrawal what is metformin used to treat order lexapro uk max dose amoxil children luvox cr pharmacy seroquel next day delivery where to buy aspirin in china canada health care system prescription drugs cozaar dosage mexican pharmacy no prescription rogaine 2 what does diltiazem do pharmacy express in canada low generic bupropion 100mg buy lotrisone with a mastercard benicar tablets uk what is voltaren can you get topamax over counter is brand amoxil available over the counter will generic cialis available us mirapex uk online silver slimming tablets day and night buy over the counter bystolic online 100mg viagra uk hydromorphone 2mg tablet order venlor tablets cheap allegra fexofenadine generic uk remeron over counter uk over the counter stress and anxiety medication what is the medicine voltaren used for side effects of coming off sertraline generic name for pariet cheap levitra professional 100 mg retin-a ge with paypal payment abana without a script pharmacy shampoo online india buy nizoral does alabama medicaid cover viagra amitriptyline in dogs how to use what is cipro advair diskus cheap price cheap voveran sr uk diovan prescription is northwest pharmacy in canada legitimate retin a 0.1 cream 40 grams sale promethazine buy on line buy actonel mg med cab amaryl buy triamterene greece where can i buy danazol buy metformin pills buy atorlip 5 order viagra plus pill proscar order online norvasc sale buy cheap strattera mail order pharmacy wiki what medication do you get for anxiety allegra hicks ipad case buy levlen ed online protonix dose for children cefixime comprare wellbutrin overnight pharmacy nootropil iv dose can i make seroquel buying zithromax in manchester buy decadron 4 mg where can i buy online uk accutane without eritromicina antibiotico crema buy proventil inhalers online buy cheap ed drugs generico nexium 40 order fucidin online no presctiption can i order atarax online lisinopril get you high what does generic toprol xl look like side effects of prednisone in dogs constipation elimite lotion price yagara shortage nimotop medicine children ivermectin for horses which uk site to buy pilex buy actoplus met online india no prescription buy kamagra mg online tetracycline max dose female viagra cost canadian purchase lopressor pills liquid clomid pct dosage accutane class action lawsuit 2011 buy cephalexin 500mg without free or low cost diclofenac does topamax affect birth control pills buy over the counter cardura online toprol mg no prescription combivent fast uk buy hoodia mexican pharmacies ordering glucotrol xl generic discount code for zyvox cheapest drugs advair us pharmacies online that sell tenormin buy cheap cytotec protonix medication assistance flomax daily use reviews best online pharmacy generic periactin promethazine codeine sale uk lopressor generico online hydrochlorothiazide in the uk now online pharmacy no prescription needed cialis soft low cost overnight nitrofurantoin ortho tri-cyclen lo from canada order colchicine online canada free shipping purchase cheap levaquin online levofloxacin much does plan b generic cost walgreens buy cefadroxil online india how to use ginseng as medicine evecare shortage 2012 list of tesco stores selling himcocid ciprofloxacina clorhidrato 0.3 viagra generic fda acai berry and colon cleanse weight loss reviews buy estradiol patches online low cost alessehow many types of viagra cheap abilify online pharmacy what color are fluoxetine pills can you buy geriforte syrup in ireland cialis no prescription cheap cat allergy symptoms in kids jobs in us can buy chloramphenicol over counter amlodipine besylate price comparison where to buy neurontin without a prescription menosan delivery lexapro dosages available buy kamagra from india online jelly buy cardizem hong kong lamictal online in us buy generic zantac online no prescription how to by lioresal online indian buy acne accutane cheap allopurinol enticing next day injectable benadryl for sale get colospa las vegas can you buy the abortion pill at planned parenthood buy over the counter bupron sr online donde puedo comprar isoptin safe zetia buy buy singulair hong kong prednisolone dosage nhs safe to buy generic compazine from usa periactin syrup dosage for children viagra russian black belt how long for paxil to take effect detrol la coupon free liv 52 side effects long term use purchase luvox lowest price what is styplon for allegra london facebook ceftin cost comparison synthroid weight loss dosage where can i buy bactrim tablets can i get cardura where to get dapoxetine flying anxiety medication buy geriforte syrup online usa free viagra samples by pfizer dilantin generic 2013 drugs desert days arava levaquin lawsuit florida can you buy primatene mist in canada propranolol online with out prescription toradol medicine pain aceon how to buy albendazole uk companies only diflucan 10 mg/ml polvere per sospensione orale cheap diflucan 100mg pharmacy has best price benadryl tadalafil 20 mg directions voltaren pharmacy gell viagra family pack canadian 100 mg estrace how to purchase synthroid online buy elavil without a script aciclovir reviews for men generic medication buy actos pioglitazone where to reglan buy pilex paypal accepted imperial elixir korean red ginseng reviews best site to buy lanoxin reglan prescription buy prometrium lowest price levitra professional in italia rumalaya liniment online bestellen capoten rx viagra sublingual pills sweat what side effects does motilium have coumadin alcohol intake cipro 100 mg im levaquin uses pneumonia what is retin-a 0,025 made of what is the best dose of topamax for weight loss phenamax results forum discount coupons for st. augustine alligator farm buying nizagara for dogs online without tinidazole mg do i need a prescription for viagra in uk himcocid cheap uk changing from lexapro to celexa zoloft overcoming sexual side effects of lexapro buy betapace new zealand online retino a cream price promethazine side effects weight gain cymbalta reviews weight gain geriforte next day delivery actos tablets ingredients estrofem tablet ne is,e yarar prinivil manufacturer tinidazole tablets loose motion what is clomid 50mg used for roxithromycin online in usa buy bupron sr online india mifepristone and misoprostol mechanism of action the chepest decadron best place buy retino-a cream 0,05 pct best site get zantac where to buy alli in uk viagra cialis online canada generic rogaine 5 cost order zestril online with visa prezzo viagra farmacia viagra over the counter australia drugs side effects of prednisone injections safe generic drugs flomax buy uk what is the difference in betapace and betapace af genuine generic acticin what is differin gel western drug prograf duphalac dose for children rheumatoid arthritis in fingers costco pharmacy benzac price neurontin uk order etodolac 600 mg side effects of cardura doxazosin azulfidine online in us tetracycline ibd lawsuit betnovate locion capilar precio mexico how long does it take to get off citalopram overnight pharmacy bupron sr buy prescription captopril capoten mechanism of action buy flomax mexican pharmacies diclofenac gel drug store online cheap us pharmacy buy albendazole pfizer viagra online kaufen atorlip-10 cheap price indian pharmacies no prescription zoloft generic mexico generic reminyl cost medrol how to buy buy abilify medication glycomet limited india generic eulexin for sale on line how can i get a prescription for promethazine codeine is the canadian healthcare system good generic zofran odt price celebrex drugs arthritis pharmacies overnight buy prednisone propranolol drug in canada pharmacy order atrovent online with visa safe place order extendaquin what is the correct dosage of elavil canada drugs no prescription needed lisinopril 10 mg tableta haldol without azathioprine colitis buy generic cialis uk kamagra inderal tablets a comprehensive view fast fluoxetine deleviery delivery order deltasone online buy bupropion with Purchase abilify 25 mg viagra to buy in uk lanoxin dosage instructions where can i buy alligator meat in ohio non persciption metformin canadian pharmacy viagra without prescription wellbutrin sr side effects uk buy over the counter brahmi online diflucan pills for ringworm generic for zovirax pill gerenic for alphagan do side effects propecia go away 1000 mg depakote er generic names for phenergan cleocin lawsuit canada tadalafil next day generic from evecare mail order prograf what is the generic for plavix ephedraxin generic health canada dulcolax how to import lozol buy viagra super active with no rx buy zantac online amazon buy glycomet visa buy viagra from thailand online fast shipping levitra there generic available nexium buy cialis jelly 40 coolock artane credit union ayurslim sold over counter how often to use premarin cream diakof for sale uk will alesse cause weight gain buy aciclovir in australia zenegra cost comparison where to find tetracycline cost of estrace pills buying hoodia using paypal can you buy avapro drug canadian pharmacy what symptoms does wellbutrin treat zyvox on line trental buy online ireland no prescription benfotiamine sale can you get meclizine over the counter aspirin price canada buy permethrin spray australia red pill blue pill matrix dialogue how to use xalatan eye drops side effects of maxalt mlt 10 mg donde se puede comprar viagra en espan~a zovirax cream prices best place to order procardia in us generic name for zyprexa zydis cheap crestor 20 mg moduretic with no rx buy generic zovirax what does depakote dr look like elocon suppliers overseas kamagra espan~a madrid what does phenergan contain drug levaquin from china online brahmi india zentel sirop copii prospect is generic cefixime effective generic tricor launch buying isoniazid from canada no prescription drugstore foundation for photos brand motilium for sale metoclopramide dose cats calan prices at costco what do wellbutrin tablets look like liv 52 recommended dosage alli australia buy cialis daily use erectile dysfunction mg is expensive makeup better than cheap drugstore brands order ditropan medication by mail buy retino-a cream 0,05 mg buy hyaluronic acid capsules what is altace prescribed for is it safe to order didronel best online pharmacy generic aristocort colospa online overnight shipping lamictal free shipping where can i order prazosin is phenergan legal in uk olanzapine for sale uk buy ashwagandha tea bags cialis sublingual cost colchicine canada sale female viagra india order atrovent medication by mail advair diskus to buy do you need rx reminyl prednisolone over the counter india maximum daily dose of dipyridamole lozol pills sweat nizagara from india triamterene brand order buy himplasia online overnight sexual side effects of wellbutrin in men indocin dose coreg no prescription compare prices depakote prices at costco what is lithium soap based grease western drug lopressor free coupon for doxazosin generic name glucophage xr haloperidol haldol medication levitra plus overnight can you buy minocycline l-tryptophan canada overnight delivery eurax lotion coupons discount ethionamide mg ginseng uk buy what are the side effects of too much synthroid order levlen cheap can you order cialis sublingual where to buy kamagra in the uk apcalis tadalafil jelly erfahrung levitra prescription price remeron for men in usa serpina buy canada normal losartan dose how to buy minipress cialis dosage for ed viagra jelly dosage recommended what does zoloft medicamento tenormin 100 mg order zyban tablets cloridrato de ciprofloxacino generico prec,o cheap genuine skelaxin online long time side effects ditropan online isoptin india buy zithromax 200 phenergan cost comparison discount lipitor 20mg uk terramycin drug classification
Tuesday July 07 , 2015
Font Size

What is Drama Therapy?


Drama therapy applies techniques from theatre to the process of psychotherapeutic healing. Beginning in the early 20th century drama was used by occupational therapists in hospitals and by social workers in community programs to each clients social and emotional skills through performing in plays.  The field began to integrate improvisation and process drama methods and emerged as a separate profession in the 1970's. The focus in drama therapy is on helping individuals grow and heal by taking on and practicing new roles, by creating new stories through action, and by rehearsing new behaviors which can later be implemented in real life.

While much drama therapy aims at helping people who are in therapy, drama therapists have extended their applications beyond clinical contexts to enrich the lives of at-risk individuals, to prevent problems, and to enhance wellness of healthy people. Many of the skills for such extensions require a measure of training psychological training as well as a strong basis in theatre.

Drama and therapy have been natural partners for at least the last 350 centuries! Archeological evidence suggests that early humans began to make art paintings, sculpture, music, dance, and drama between 45,000 and 35,000 years ago at the same time they became capable of symbolic, metaphoric thought. As part of this creative explosion, shamans incorporated the arts into their religious and healing practices. Dance and drama, in particular, were used in rites to create sympathetic and contagious magic and to embody myths and rituals. That the arts have been connected to healing and meaning-making since their origins, shows how vitally important they are to health and to civilization. In fact, recent scientific research by Gene Cohen (2005), James Pennebaker (1995), Helga and Tony Noice (2004), and others is proving that participation in drama and other arts enhance physical and mental health.

Drama and psychology are both the study of human behavior - two sides of the same coin. Psychologist Philip Zimbardo acknowledges this when he says, "Drama, psychology, and therapy share a basic goal of trying to find what is essential about human nature and try to use that knowledge to improve the quality of individual and collective life.  When drama is good, it transmits knowledge about what is essential about people and between people" (Zimbardo, 1986).  Psychology studies thoughts, emotions and behavior; drama actively analyzes and presents the thoughts, emotions and behavior of characters for an audience to see and understand. Much of dramatic literature addresses the psychological, social, and cultural conditions of humanity and, thus, serves as a natural vehicle for actually helping real people with problems more consciously address their problems.

Just as psychotherapy treats people who have difficulties with their thoughts, emotions and behavior, drama therapy uses drama processes (games, improvisation, storytelling, role play) and products (puppets, masks, plays/performances) to help people understand their thoughts and emotions better or to improve their behavior. However, unlike most types of therapy which rely purely on talking (psychoanalysis was, after all, called “the talking cure”), drama therapy relies on taking action on doing things!

The drama therapist is trained in four general areas: drama/theatre, general and abnormal psychology, psychotherapy, and drama therapy. Each of these categories involves a number of required classes, many of them experiential, where one learns by doing, practicing, getting supervisory feedback, and refining skills. In the end, the drama therapist is able to facilitate the client’s experience in a way that keeps the client emotionally and physically safe while the client benefits from the dramatic process.

Because there are so many forms that drama can take, drama therapy can be considered a very broad field. The metaphor I like to use with my students is to say there is a very big “Drama Therapy Pie” which can be cut into many smaller slices:

The Drama Therapy Pie

Depending on the goals and needs of the client, the drama therapist chooses a method (or several) that will achieve the desired combination of understanding, emotional release, and learning of new behavior. Some methods, such as drama games, improvisation, role play, developmental transformations, sociodrama and psychodrama are very process-oriented and unscripted. The work is done within the therapy session and not presented to an audience. Other methods, such as Playback Theatre, Theatre of the Oppressed, and the performance of plays are more formal and presentational, involving an audience. Puppets, masks, and rituals can be used as part of performance or as process techniques within a therapy session.

Certain techniques: drama games, improvisation, role play, sociodrama, developmental transformations, rituals, masks, puppets and some types of performances involve fictional work. The client pretends to be a character different from him or herself. This can expand the client’s role repertoire (or the number of types of roles that can be accessed for use in real life) or it can allow the client to explore a similar role to one he or she plays, but under the guise of “not-me-but-someone-like-me.” Other techniques, such as Psychodrama, Therapeutic Spiral Model, Playback Theatre, Theater of the Oppressed and autobiographical performances, allow the client to explore his or her life directly. Clients need to have good ego strength to be able to do this kind of non-fiction work because it requires an honest, searching look at oneself.

Most drama therapists come from the world of theatre. They are individuals who realize the healing power of drama through therapeutic experiences they’ve had in their education or career and want to facilitate change and growth in others. Many recall that in college they were torn between majoring in psychology or theatre and decided to follow the theatre path. They want to use drama to help others in a direct way or to use theatre as a social change agent, rather than only as entertainment or education.

A smaller percentage of drama therapists come from the field of therapy. They have a Masters or Ph.D. degree in social work, psychology, or counseling and realize that talk therapy isn’t enough; they want to use hands on, creative ways of exploring problems and practicing behavior changes with clients. Most have been involved in educational or community theater for many years; some have little or no theatre experience.

© Copyright Sally D. Bailey, Registered Drama Therapist. All Rights Reserved.