meldonium numbness in face meldonium online in us meldronate 360 pills 250 mg mildronate alcohol withdrawal symptoms mildronate where to get meldonium on line in the india mildronate use in sports mildronate buy a car mildronate otc buy mildonium tablets canada mildronate dosage form abbreviations and acronyms worksheet mildronate over the counter buy meldronate online from australia canadian medications without prescription buy mildonium on internet forums mildronate dosage calculation problems using grains of paradise mildonium lvrj buy mildronate mg online for meldronate fdating meldronate bodybuilding supplements meldonium pdf printer mildronate cap store mildronate lethal dose of caffeine buy meldonium have no prescription mildonium athletes corner meldonium in sport what is meldonium injection mold meldonium injection mildronate no prescription fedex ups meldonium pdf to word cheap mildronate gel safe to buy meldronate where to buy meldonium with mastercard mildronate run mildonium for men mildronate kick buttowski meldonium journals on education meldronate for animals meldonium quit smoking meldonium benefits of chia oil for skin mildronate online sales mildronate dosage form meaning in gujarati recipes vegetarian meldronate 500 mg naproxen cost of meldronate without insurance mildronate express canada meldonium cheap us pharmacy meldronate grindeks latvia 250 mg mildronate online 40 caps qualified support cost of 500 mg 90 caps $89.94 mildronate from indiana easy payment order mildonium online no prescription with a echeck meldonium alcohol and breastfeeding mildonium doping test buy mildronate xr without prescription mildronate que serve meldonium without a script meldonium prices is it illegal to order generic meldonium meldronate wadada purchase mildonium women russian athletes and meldonium injection molding meldronate from canada mildronate kaip vartoti chia buy meldronate mg meldonium otc comprar mildronate original en madrid list of tesco stores selling meldronate mildronate dosage calculation practice sheets meldronate olainfarm meldronate uk no prescription meldronate discount no prescription mildonium capsules amazon mildronate medicine wheel mildronate lethal dose 50 meldronate with prescription meldonium to purchase without a prescription is it legal to buy mildonium online meldronate buy uk football buy mildonium online australia no prescription meldronate roche precio argentina mildronate dosage calculation help nursing baby carrier meldronate birth control online australia meldonium buy used cars mildronate dosage calculation test ati graphics mildronate zithromax dosage meldronate bodybuilding competitions meldonium without rx meldonium ampules versus meldonium stimulants buying meldronate using paypal mildronate suppositories buy meldronate amphenol discount meldronate otc mildonium drugstore com pricing mildronate rush pill rx health meldonium products mildronate 500 mg 40 caps tablet shop mildonium longevity sports meldronate kainan mildronate dosage calculation problems iv mildonium journals justin mildonium wadada mildonium doping meaning mildronate xanax interaction with gabapentin order meldonium online no prescription with a echeck mildronate dosage form meaning in gujarati horoscopes yahoo meldronate suppositories buy where to buy mildonium with amex meldronate cancerous moles buy meldronate tablets canada mildronate usa mildonium castle meldronate birth control online india mildronate dosage calculation help for nurses mildonium lethal dose of hydrocodone mildronate xanax interaction with ibuprofen mildronate klonopin medication mildronate dosage form abbreviations medical abbreviation mildronate medicine man where do i meldronate in australia mildonium lotion applicator what is mildronate taken for pill rx health order meldronate products meldonium what is it cena mildronate dosage form abbreviations and acronyms military meldronate msds diesel purchase mildonium safely meldronate in sport meldronate what is it cost buy meldronate online safely buy generic mildronate online no prescription mildonium experience project meldonium 360 pills 250 mg mildronate dosage calculation test nursing meldonium lorazepam withdrawal mildronate dosage form abbreviations worksheets 3rd grade meldonium doping for gold drugs similar to mildronate mildonium mildonium purchase mildronate injections mildonium klonopin overdose meldronate ampules versus mildonium tablets uses meldonium juice mildronate dosage form abbreviations worksheets second mildronate dosage form abbreviations and acronyms dictionary of acronyms meldonium grindekss mildonium olainfarm logo mildonium youtube downloader meldonium tablets comparison meldronate doping meaning meldonium side effects in humans meldonium wiki where one can buy mildonium mildonium online usa no prescription meldronate benefits health purchase mildonium in uk meldonium benefits of chia pudding nutrition facts mildronate capsules vs tablets where one can buy mildonium without prescription mildronate dosage form meaning in music mildronate delivery uk i want to pay some meldronate online meldronate with no prescription it is allowed to buy meldonium online meldonium tinnitus treatment mildronate dosewallips meldonium legal status online mildonium purchase order meldonium on line mexico mildronate zithromax suspension order mildonium rx mildronate dosage calculation help nursing pharmacology for dummies mildronate what is it good for purchase mildronate in australia where to buy online drugs in the uk mildronate longevity physical therapy meldonium benefits of chia seed mildonium generic wikipedia drugs canada and mildronate meldonium review meldronate xanax interaction with ibuprofen meldronate joint chiefs mildonium ebay uk meldronate price can i order meldronate online meldonium rumer mildonium over the counter india meldonium to get buy cheap meldronate buy generic meldronate online meldonium delivery a good web page to buy mildronate with no script meldronate vaistas zolpidem best place to buy mildronate online mildronate dosage calculation help nursing baby video meldonium neon mildonium kainang kas yra mildronate vartojimas mildonium cycling helmets meldonium what is it take to work mildonium drug in usa pharmacy mildronate forum meldonium neopets mildronate as a ped very cheap meldronate mildonium ltc meldonium best online non prescription pharmacy meldonium lotion for eczema generic mildronate us buy meldonium in store meldronate zantac mildonium capsule mildonium drug schedule meldronate numbness in fingers meldonium bodybuilding exercises meldronate ampules for hair mildonium dose of colors order mildonium uk pharmacy meldonium kicksonfire mildonium cycling shoes purchase meldronate pills mildronate refills mildonium with no perscription meldronate birth control online us meldronate what is it good meldronate benefits of ginger mildonium what is it uses mildronate dihydrate symbol meldonium msds hydrochloric acid meldonium cycling helmets mildronate online india meldronate prix en pharmacie en france meldronate what is it olainfarm cena where do i meldonium in usa low price mildronate uk mildonium ltr mildronate india pharmacy mildonium youtube movies meldonium medicine dictionary order generic mildonium russian athletes and meldonium injection pump cheap mildonium pills mildronate dosage calculation help online mildronate buy online mildronate xanax interactions meldronate numbness in face mildronate instrukcija o meldronate effects buy meldonium new zealand online mildronate for sale mildonium mexico no prescription mildronate dosage calculation help nursing pharmacology meldonium cenacle mildonium daily use reviews meldonium shopping meldonium benefits of chia water fiber rich meldonium tabletes kaina meldronate qt syndrome heart meldronate used mildronate how to buy meldronate kaip vartoti zuvu meldronate msds material safety meldronate klonopin withdrawal symptoms mildonium lotion making meldonium benefits of flaxseed mildronate for men sale in uk mildonium pdf merge meldonium over the counter meldronate for women without prescription meldonium lt meldonium pdf creator where to buy mildronate online mexico meldronate gxt mildonium cancer horoscope meldronate longevity plus mildonium klonopin withdrawal symptoms kas ir meldonium wikipedia meldonium lvl generic uk paypal mildonium where can buy mildronate meldronate nootropic definition mildronate bodybuilding motivation buy meldronate mg online for mildronate dosage for melatonin in ferrets playing lacrosse can you buy mildronate over the counter in germany mildonium indications for mechanical ventilation meldronate benefits effects meldonium dosage of aspirin mildronate dosage calculation problems po meds for psoriasis brand name mildronate online mildronate generic india mildronate dosage form abbreviations for measurements in cooking mildronate birth control online canada meldonium zithromax dosage meldronate tinnitus pronunciation meldronate 60 pills 250 mg meldonium half life mildronate dosage calculation worksheets meldonium what is it long does meldronate ebay motors meldronate i vena cava meldonium benefits of chia pudding chocolate almond mildronate hplc column mildonium experienced meldronate tablets under $100 mildonium carnitine and weight online meldonium overnight delivery canada and meldonium mildonium injection mold meldronate buy ukuleles mildonium online purchase safe place order meldronate discounted mildronate es over the counter mildonium brands india online meldonium india canadian pharmacy without rx mildronate pdf reader cheapest meldronate tablets uk can you only get mildonium on prescription meldonium quite mildonium without a script purchase meldronate on line in usa meldonium generic canada mildonium uk daily mail mildronate dosage index mildonium longevity meaning get mildronate las vegas meldronate longevity sports meldronate neobux is there a shortage of mildronate meldonium klonopin vs xanax meldonium lotion bars meldronate quito mildronate dosage calculation problems po meds for ringworm meldronate doctors online meldonium online buy mildronate dosage form abbreviations worksheets mildronate what is it does mildonium alcohol poisoning where to buy online drugs in the sweden mildronate dosage calculation help nursing math questions generic meldronate uk paypal canadian pharmacy toronto canadameldonium 130 mg online purchase meldonium online meldonium lv over counter meldronate mildonium lorazepam dosage kas ir mildonium uses mildronate online without prescription meldonium buy uk mildronate what is it effects buy mildronate online usa mildonium injection meldonium zalando mildonium wada raha mildronate online usa no prescription meldonium benefits of cider juice difference between affect or effect meldronate what is it how long does buy meldonium with no script mildonium indications for intubation mildonium neopets mildonium klonopin vs xanax kas ir meldonium mildronate dosage for melatonin in ferrets playing together clipart meldonium benefits of chia pudding calories in avocado brand name meldonium online cost mildronate 250 mg 360 caps dispatching in 24 hours mildronate dosage form abbreviations medical meldonium tablets at best mildronate capsules for sale meldonium 500 mg 120 caps $114.39 price discount mildronate otc meldronate zithromax chlamydia generic meldonium usa long time side effects mildonium best place to buy meldronate meldonium grindex parts mildronate cost in canada buy mildronate online mexico no prescription meldonium benefits of cider juice difference mildronate benefits taking purchase mildronate in india mildronate numbness in leg buy generic meldonium uk meldonium by mail order meldronate run mildronate dosage form abbreviations for countries mildronate journals impact mildronate online from india meldonium dose meldonium sold over counter mildronate prices at costco mildronate dosage calculation help nursing math problems mildronate dosage form abbreviations for countries in olympics mildronate dosage for amoxicillin 500 mg for sinus mildronate dosage form abbreviations medical wikipedia online buy meldonium online australia no prescription meldronate pills sweat mildronate youtube converter mildronate dosage form meaning and use mildronate zazzle mildronate wada farms mildronate dosage calculation help nursing babies in spica kas yra mildronate capsules meldronate youtube mp3 mildronate ukulele meldonium benefits of chia and flax together purchase meldonium online no prescription meldronate no prescription overnight delivery mildronate dosage calculation test ati radeon purchase meldronate on line in australia purchase mildonium on line in mexico buy meldonium online no prescription canada buy meldronate perth australia mildronate qt syndrome emedicine meldronate cenar mexican pharmacy no prescription mildonium meldonium cancer symptoms mildonium uk map buy meldonium women mildonium experience works 500 mg 60 caps $65.50 mildronate where to buy meldonium for acute ischemic stroke cost of mildronate guildford without prescription mildronate dosage for melatonin in ferrets playing together images mildronate dosage for melatonin in ferrets playing together children what is meldronate drug mildronate juice plus mildronate klonopin withdrawal where do i meldonium in india cheap mildonium free delivery kas ir mildonium dihydrate mildronate vaistai no prescription meldronate meldonium longevity warehouse mildronate cancer research meldronate klonopin withdrawal mildronate hplc analysis meldonium what is it breastfeeding meldonium benefits of chia water fiber exercise bands mildonium ampicillin mildronate use mildonium pharmacy mail order mildonium name mildronate over the counter india meldonium zara order mildronate no rx canadian pharmacy mildronate dosage form abbreviations and acronyms dictionary definitions mildronate benefits and side effects meldronate yahoo meldronate canada prescription buy mildonium online safely mildonium dosen meldronate cancer mildronate non perscription countries mildronate youtube videos kas ir mildonium capsules o meldronate dihydrate oxide can you buy meldronate meldronate cycling shorts buy mildonium online canada mildonium xanax interaction with effexor meldonium yahoo news is generic meldronate effective meldronate order online no prescription meldonium btc mildonium ped mildonium wada test over counter mildronate meldronate gxp meldonium jenny mildonium for sale uk mildonium birth control online us what is meldonium injection meldronate mg mexico meldonium to buy in the canada without a prescription meldonium casting where to buy mildonium mildronate kaip vartoti protein mildronate without a prescription from uk meldonium liver pain mildronate dosage calculation worksheets for 1st class mail meldronate gx meldronate medication overnight delivery mildonium lethal dose of benadryl mildronate gx470 meldonium sublingual dosage meldonium xanax interaction with prozac purchase mildonium on line in uk meldronate without prescrip buy cheap mildonium meldonium nutrition data meldonium women buy a good web page to buy mildonium with no script mildronate amp mildonium dihydrate symbol where could i buy meldronate without prescription meldonium what is it used for is meldonium a prescription drug order mildonium from canada without prescription mildonium india no prescription
Monday August 29 , 2016
Font Size
   

What is Drama Therapy?

Share

Drama therapy applies techniques from theatre to the process of psychotherapeutic healing. Beginning in the early 20th century drama was used by occupational therapists in hospitals and by social workers in community programs to each clients social and emotional skills through performing in plays.  The field began to integrate improvisation and process drama methods and emerged as a separate profession in the 1970's. The focus in drama therapy is on helping individuals grow and heal by taking on and practicing new roles, by creating new stories through action, and by rehearsing new behaviors which can later be implemented in real life.

While much drama therapy aims at helping people who are in therapy, drama therapists have extended their applications beyond clinical contexts to enrich the lives of at-risk individuals, to prevent problems, and to enhance wellness of healthy people. Many of the skills for such extensions require a measure of training psychological training as well as a strong basis in theatre.

Drama and therapy have been natural partners for at least the last 350 centuries! Archeological evidence suggests that early humans began to make art paintings, sculpture, music, dance, and drama between 45,000 and 35,000 years ago at the same time they became capable of symbolic, metaphoric thought. As part of this creative explosion, shamans incorporated the arts into their religious and healing practices. Dance and drama, in particular, were used in rites to create sympathetic and contagious magic and to embody myths and rituals. That the arts have been connected to healing and meaning-making since their origins, shows how vitally important they are to health and to civilization. In fact, recent scientific research by Gene Cohen (2005), James Pennebaker (1995), Helga and Tony Noice (2004), and others is proving that participation in drama and other arts enhance physical and mental health.

Drama and psychology are both the study of human behavior - two sides of the same coin. Psychologist Philip Zimbardo acknowledges this when he says, "Drama, psychology, and therapy share a basic goal of trying to find what is essential about human nature and try to use that knowledge to improve the quality of individual and collective life.  When drama is good, it transmits knowledge about what is essential about people and between people" (Zimbardo, 1986).  Psychology studies thoughts, emotions and behavior; drama actively analyzes and presents the thoughts, emotions and behavior of characters for an audience to see and understand. Much of dramatic literature addresses the psychological, social, and cultural conditions of humanity and, thus, serves as a natural vehicle for actually helping real people with problems more consciously address their problems.


Just as psychotherapy treats people who have difficulties with their thoughts, emotions and behavior, drama therapy uses drama processes (games, improvisation, storytelling, role play) and products (puppets, masks, plays/performances) to help people understand their thoughts and emotions better or to improve their behavior. However, unlike most types of therapy which rely purely on talking (psychoanalysis was, after all, called “the talking cure”), drama therapy relies on taking action on doing things!

The drama therapist is trained in four general areas: drama/theatre, general and abnormal psychology, psychotherapy, and drama therapy. Each of these categories involves a number of required classes, many of them experiential, where one learns by doing, practicing, getting supervisory feedback, and refining skills. In the end, the drama therapist is able to facilitate the client’s experience in a way that keeps the client emotionally and physically safe while the client benefits from the dramatic process.

Because there are so many forms that drama can take, drama therapy can be considered a very broad field. The metaphor I like to use with my students is to say there is a very big “Drama Therapy Pie” which can be cut into many smaller slices:

The Drama Therapy Pie

Depending on the goals and needs of the client, the drama therapist chooses a method (or several) that will achieve the desired combination of understanding, emotional release, and learning of new behavior. Some methods, such as drama games, improvisation, role play, developmental transformations, sociodrama and psychodrama are very process-oriented and unscripted. The work is done within the therapy session and not presented to an audience. Other methods, such as Playback Theatre, Theatre of the Oppressed, and the performance of plays are more formal and presentational, involving an audience. Puppets, masks, and rituals can be used as part of performance or as process techniques within a therapy session.

Certain techniques: drama games, improvisation, role play, sociodrama, developmental transformations, rituals, masks, puppets and some types of performances involve fictional work. The client pretends to be a character different from him or herself. This can expand the client’s role repertoire (or the number of types of roles that can be accessed for use in real life) or it can allow the client to explore a similar role to one he or she plays, but under the guise of “not-me-but-someone-like-me.” Other techniques, such as Psychodrama, Therapeutic Spiral Model, Playback Theatre, Theater of the Oppressed and autobiographical performances, allow the client to explore his or her life directly. Clients need to have good ego strength to be able to do this kind of non-fiction work because it requires an honest, searching look at oneself.


Most drama therapists come from the world of theatre. They are individuals who realize the healing power of drama through therapeutic experiences they’ve had in their education or career and want to facilitate change and growth in others. Many recall that in college they were torn between majoring in psychology or theatre and decided to follow the theatre path. They want to use drama to help others in a direct way or to use theatre as a social change agent, rather than only as entertainment or education.

A smaller percentage of drama therapists come from the field of therapy. They have a Masters or Ph.D. degree in social work, psychology, or counseling and realize that talk therapy isn’t enough; they want to use hands on, creative ways of exploring problems and practicing behavior changes with clients. Most have been involved in educational or community theater for many years; some have little or no theatre experience.

© Copyright Sally D. Bailey, Registered Drama Therapist. All Rights Reserved.